Multisecond ligand dissociation dynamics from atomistic simulations
09:00 - 09:35
Biomolecular Dynamics, Institute of Physics, University of Freiburg
Coarse-graining of fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulations is a long-standing goal in order to allow the description of processes occurring on biologically relevant timescales. For example, the prediction of pathways, rates and rate-limiting steps in protein-ligand unbinding is crucial for modern drug discovery. To achieve the enhanced sampling, we first perform dissipation-corrected targeted molecular dynamics simulations, which yield free energy and friction profiles of the molecular process under consideration. In a second step, we use these fields to perform temperature-boosted Langevin simulations which account for the desired molecular kinetics occurring on multisecond timescales and beyond. Adopting the dissociation of solvated sodium chloride as well as trypsin-benzamidine and Hsp90-inhibitor protein-ligand complexes as test problems, we are able to reproduce rates from molecular dynamics simulation and experiments within a factor of 2-20, and dissociation constants within a factor of 1-4. Analysis of the friction profiles reveals that binding and unbinding dynamics are mediated by changes of the surrounding hydration shells in all investigated systems.
S. Wolf, B. Lickert, S. Bray and G. Stock, Nature Commun. 11, 2918 (2020)